Lyme Disease

According to the CDC, Lyme disease, a "zoonotic disease", affects 329,000 people in the U.S. each year and results in $3.4B annually in medical and non-medical costs. Lyme disease can cause severe damage to joints and the neurological system and has been linked to deaths due to Lyme-induced cardiac disease. According to the journal Science, “Lyme disease–carrying ticks are now in half of all U.S. counties.”

Lyme Disease Progression in the United States

Source: STAT, 2016

How is Lyme disease spread?

The only known species that can spread Lyme disease is the black-legged tick (i.e., Ixodes scapularis), also known as the "deer tick". The tick contracts Lyme disease mainly from the white-footed mouse (i.e., Peromyscus leucopus). Ticks are always dangerous and present throughout the year, though they are most active during the summertime.

What role do large mammals play in disease transmission?

Large mammals, like deer and moose, play no role in the transmission of Lyme disease (TickEncounter 2019). However, these animals are a primary mating ground for black-legged ticks. A recent study out of the University of New Hampshire showed an average of over 47,000 ticks per moose (New York Times 2018).

How do I protect myself and my family?

The CDC provides education on preventing tick bites. Also, you will want to protect your property against ticks with appropriate landscaping and professional pest-management services. A new option is an orally delivered Lyme vaccine pellet targeting the disease host, the white-footed mouse.

How does the vaccine pellet work?

The vaccine pellet works like any other - A mouse that consumes the pellet can be inoculated against Lyme disease. Mice that don't have the disease cannot spread the disease to ticks.

Where are the vaccine pellets applied?

The vaccine pellets can be applied in many areas, and US BIOLOGIC and its partners are building both residential and public programs.

When will the vaccine pellets be available?

The Lyme vaccine pellets are going through its USDA regulatory process. If you would like to receive updates, please contact us.

Is Lyme disease the only disease caused by animals?

Unfortunately, no. 2.5B people each year are sickened by animals (also known as "zoonotic disease"). 2.7M of those people die each year, the equivalent of one death every 12 seconds.

Can we predict where these diseases will happen?

US BIOLOGIC and our partners are building a predictive analytics toolset called ZooHUB, which will allow real-time information on disease spread so that we may best pinpoint interventions like the Lyme vaccine pellets.

Please feel free to Contact Us with any questions or comments.

About Zoonotic Diseases

Any disease spread from animals (including insects and ticks) is “zoonotic”. High profile examples are Ebola, Lyme, Malaria, and Zika.

Zoonotic disease is the #1 source of global infectious disease.

60% of existing human infectious diseases are zoonotic.

75% of emerging human infectious diseases are zoonotic.

2.5B human cases of zoonotic disease are reported each year.

2.7M of those cases result in death, the equivalent one death every 12 seconds.

(CDC 2019 & PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2014)